L’un des aspects particuliers de cette conférence a été l’intégration de l’art dans un atmosphère scientifique, universitaire. Ce n’est pas du simple divertissement mais l’exposition d’un regard artistique sur un sujet commun : le temps et la temporalité. De cette manière, nous avons souhaité flouter la barrière entre ces deux mondes et s’entre nourrir des perspectives différentes, trop souvent clivées, et à donner lieu à des échanges diversiviées et enrichissantes.
Les expositions ont eu lieu dans des salles de cours, et nous avons monté des symposiums artistiques, dans lesquels les artistes ont commenté leurs oeuvres.
Les artistes n’ont pas été rémunérés mais ont bénéficié d’une inscription gratuit à cette conférence, et pour certains, d'un logement pris en charge par des fonds associatifs ou l’achat de matériel.
Artistes & Installations
IN THE RIVER OF TIME: Do fish need psychotherapy? By Olga Ast, Archetime project, UNITED STATES At ICTP 2016 Olga Ast posited that our linear visual representations of time are not only cultural symbols, but are actual causes of a shift in our relationship to the environment. This year, she continued with her commentary on the underlying psychological traits that have led us to an environmental crisis. There were two aspects of her presentation: 1. A performance-lecture: from the dawn of civilization, we have been creating artificial environments seeking the convenience, perfection and satisfaction of our psychological drives and desires to generate effortless comfort. I argue that by removing short-term inconveniences, we are in fact creating an even greater obstacle to our long-term survival. This dynamic creates an underlying atmosphere of anxiety in our society, which consequently causes overproduction and overconsumption, and needs to be addressed first of all as a psychological problem. 2. Artwork: a large sculptural installation crafted from used transparent plastic bags that I have been collecting for years. The installation’s emphasis will be on the warning of ‘a danger of suffocation’ on some of the bags; this parallels the sensation of entrapment that living beings experience in the midst of objects that convenience only humans. The best way this artwork to be installed is by hanging inside the gallery space, resembling shoals of fish. Viewers will have to navigate in-between these, much like underwater creatures have to swim among our plastic objects in polluted waters.
Time in Photography By Inanna Caterina Riccardi, Photo Workshop Consultancy, ITALY On the special occasion of this year’s conference on Time Perspective, I will present a body of work that raises questions about how the relationship among different generations in a family plays a role in constructing a personal identity over the course of a lifetime. And how this identity changes over the course of the years. In detail, I will present a selection from my self-published photo book “My Grandmother(s)”, in which I investigate my family´s story about my biological grandmother and her sister, who became my grandmother, because she married my grandfather after her sister died. I will also show a selection from my current photo project, which seeks to visually represent and understand the relationship between my mother and I. Both photo projects combine archival material with Polaroid photos and medium format pictures that I have taken myself. The final product will be a looped projection of the two projects, accompanied by some text. In addition, to make this occasion even more special, I would like to invite all the participants of the conference to contribute to my art piece, by bringing with them a picture that represents a family tie, which is important to them. I will ask them to share with me why this relationship is important, also in relation to the construction of their identity. I would like to create an installation where the pictures hang in rows from wires from the wall, ordered according to the different reasons why the relationship is important. At the end of the conference, each participant can decide to donate his or her picture to me or take it back home.
Clocloc, Proposal for a Context-Aware Timepiece By Andreas Schneider, IIDj, JAPAN
Clocloc is a new timepiece that displays progression 1/1 throughout a day for any particular location on earth. Inspired by traditional time-giving methods in Japan (Wadokei) and India (Pehar), cycles of 12 (Wa-dokei) or 8 (Pehar) hours are split in half by the sun-rise and sun-set events. Hence, depending on season and the geographic latitude, the length of day-hours and night-hours varies over the course of the year. While similar concepts of time-measurement can be found in almost any culture, Japan has been the only place where people ingeniously built mechanical devices that were able to display temporal hours of varied length without the need of continuous manual adjustment. In India, the principle of context specific time is still practiced today in performing arts such as RAGA and advisories for personal decision making in calendars. Developed for mobile devices that are aware of their actual geographic location, Clocloc aims to return a sense of time that reflects and confirms people's experience in the real world. As more and more evidence is found on the relevance of syncing our external clocks with the internal clocks and the circadian rhythms they produce Clocloc can be used as a therapeutic tool to give us back the time we need for a healthy physical and mental life.
Time Machine: Experiencing time in the brain By Atser Damsma, Oded Ben-Tal, Doros Polydorou, Nadine Schlichting, University of Groningen, NETHERLANDS We will present an art installation based on a computational model of time perception. Visitors to the installation will see and hear how their movement affects changes in neural activation patterns as the brain tries to discern durations and rhythms in the world. Modern theories of time perception that are based on neuroscientific studies suggest that we can perceive time based on neural oscillatory activity in the cortex. Neurons in the striatum, a central part of the brain, can track how much time has passed by reading out the state of these periodic firing patterns. By aligning these patterns with events in the external world, we can predict events and anticipate actions. In our audio-visual installation visitors can interact with the components of this computational model to experience how they enable our perception of time. Visitors to the installation will wear VR goggles and be immersed in a world stretching eternally to all sides. In the center of this world, there will be a platform where the visitor will materialise. As they stand on this platform, they will be surrounded by sets of particle lights, oscillating in harmony and keeping the world in balance. When an external event occurs and the mechanism is set in motion, the visitor, using subtle hand gestures, will have to predict the correct firing order of the particle lights. Audio-visual display will reflect the behaviour of the system. The experience will also be projected in the room to engage additional attendees. Near death experiences By Karolina Halatek, Poland, Near Death Experience Research Foundation Houma, Louisiana, UNITED STATES “Light” and "Time" are unique compilations of most characteristic excerpts from people's testimonies who had Near Death Experience (NDE). Texts are written all in capital letters and the punctuation is taken away to avoid the narrative, as the whole Near Death Experiences is described as timeless and non-linear. Both texts are compiled by quotes from about 14 people and because of the similarities of the experience, they can be read as a one-man statement.
Project #TIME_OF_THE_CITY By Anastasia Spitsina, #TIME_OF_THE_CITY project, Kiev, UKRAINE
Project #TIME_OF_THE_CITY is a study of the peculiarities of time in different cities. I suppose that every city has its own time, has its own rhythm, its speed of decision-making, its own special time-culture and rules. Each city sends its temporary signal to residents and guests. This, in turn, determines the readiness of the city for development, its attractiveness for the lives of people, internal and external tourists. The time code of the city helps to form a vision and new concepts of city development. The first task of the project is to conduct a time study in 24 cities of Ukraine (regional centers). The study has already been conducted in 11 cities of Ukraine. At the conference, I plan to present 15 cities. Methods of research-travel - observations, rhythm analysis, interviews with people from different demographic and social groups (an average of 20 interviews), public opinion polls on the street, online polls of the population, projective methods. The average duration of research in each city is on average 100 to 120 hours. Measurements are conducted at different times of the day (morning, afternoon, evening).
Who Is Guarding Your Dream? By Anna Sircova, Creative Time Studio, DENMARK
A friend once wrote: “There is a legend in India that our world is a dream of a Goddess. While she sleeps, the world exists…” I thought to myself, we shouldn’t disturb her sleep, otherwise we will cease to exist… I started to wonder, who is she? Where does she sleep? How did she fall asleep? Is there anyone guarding her dream? So that she won’t wake up? Or maybe there are other Goddesses who sleep and continue to dream our world while she is awake. They sleep to keep the world stable and to prevent it from disappearing. There are, however, those moments, when the Goddess is already awake, but the dream guardian haven’t fully fallen asleep yet and patches of that dream world get torn and not really woven back into the new canvas. They float around and end up in the Garden of the Lost Dreams. Let’s not disturb the sleep of the Goddess if we don’t want to disappear.. This project explores the notion of dream time. What happens to the subjective sense of time while we sleep and dream? There are not that many studies that explore that. Additionally, approximately 30% of global population (a variety of adult samples drawn from different countries) report one or more of the symptoms of insomnia: difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, waking up too early, and in some cases, nonrestorative or poor quality of sleep, which of course, affect overall quality of life. What happens to the world when we don’t get enough sleep and can’t dream?
The space in-between and the Jah time. By Fernanda Poblete & Anna Sircova, DENMARK
The idea of this project is to transform a dedicated space into a place with a special atmosphere within the conference. It will be a space filled with decoration and sound, where participants would be able to process time as a futuristic inspiration. Music creates a soothing atmosphere and also the feeling of being held by a familiar force that it ease the letting go of time. It is going to be a space to take a moment for one-self, to unwind and stop for a moment, to have a break, to breathe out and to let go of speed. A space where participants of the conference can find themselves, alone and also meet others while experiencing this space in-between, in the jah time. It is a known fact that music has a strong influence on people, not only emotionally but also physically and mentally. The subjective sense of time can be also altered through music. In the modern days music has become a companion for those of us living in the highly industrialized, individualistic parts of the world, leading often a solo life. However, music can also be a companion, a collective experience that can bring people together and become a foundation to a more collectivistic society. Together with Anna Sircova (Founder of the Creative Time Studio, PhD in Psychology) who has over 10 years of research experience in exploring the concept of time and passionate for cross-disciplinary approach, photography and other creative endeavours, they will design the space using light and textures. The decor and the soundscapes are based on the over 20 years of experience working with music. Trained musician, and with studies in photography and film. Fernanda has worked in almost any field in the underground music world to eventually evolved into event production and the formation of the Dreamvibe collective. Dreamvibe were responsible for pioneering work in the local electronic music scene of Chile midd 90’s, creating spaces which fused the visual arts, motion and sound. During the passed 15 years her work as a chillout DJ have striken with simplicity, raw emotion and a clear focus on cohesive story telling, crossing genre-borders with the emphasis on the special character of each tune - She takes the listener on an ever-evolving journey through the eclectic world of music.
OBSER-VR project By Members of READi design lab, FRANCE Directed and organized by Arnaud Le Roi, Gregoire Cliquet, Félix Le Poutre, Martin Cailleau, Geoffroy Baumier Students: Chloé Artignan, Amandine Baffou, Diane Coumailleau, Severian Maximovitch, Mathilde Patoizeau, Marc Bouchenoire, Antoine Boucher, Alexandre Deffenain, Paul Duclos, Titouan Gaudin, Falko Jakubikowa, Titouan Montreuil, Matthew Rousteau, Kevin Scotet, Matthis Seguin
As part of activities READi design lab and in the understanding of the uses / users confronted with new devices in virtual reality, we are interested in the subject of the immersive and narrative experience and the journey in space-time (Dystopia) . The OBSER-VR project fit into a desire for pedagogical experimentation and valorization the projects developped by students in the Immersive Master UX Design and Virtual Reality program at the school. The starting point of the experience corresponds to a 9m2 (3x3) zone delimited within the city of Nantes. Observe, analyze, understand: The starting point of the experiment refers to a zoning of delimited on the territory of Nantes. A panoramic point of view. A belvedere, associated with notions of horizon and altitude, a dominant position, which allows one to see and observe. The students studied the ground, drew a layout and documented the elements necessary for to draw up the portrait of this space. (Observation tools: photos, background skybox, texture, sound environment). The aim of OBSER-VR is to offer a level of immersion that is as faithful as possible to the place represented in the virtual environement. From the 3D portrait of the fragment of territory, the students manipulate the perception of the user, the sensation of déjà vu, to have already witnessed or to have already experienced a present situation, accompanied by a feeling of unreality, of strangeness.
Dhrupad Meditation By Suvratadev Sharmana Vandyopadhyay, Flame University, INDIA Dhrupad is believed to be an ancient Indian art music either sung or played on string instruments like the Rudra Veena, and Sur Bahar/Singar. Raga, time, space, etc are articulated first through a unique semantic syllable system and later through lyrical text nowadays in Brij Bhasha (language of Brij in Uttar Pradesh) composed in the same raga. In Dhrupad, time has a rather complex presence and absence. While raga and mechanical time are culturally entrenched, biological time is dependent on the performer and thus has its impact on rendition. Time is represented in many other ways. But I see transcendence as the prime motive of Dhrupad; from a space defined by temporality to its perception independent of time. That is, in a state of contemplation (of Dhrupad here) one recognizes the boundaries of spatial aspects of svara (a type of tone) without lapse of time. I shall demonstrate this phenomenon through a three tiered raga delineation followed by a composition which in itself tells us the cosmology of India; especially of Kashmir Shaiv-ism. Cyclic time is the cornerstone of Kashmir Shaivism at the physical level, but when fully realized it is transcendence of time and the Pranava (OM) is the first sound that created time and the world. In Raga a concentrated focus on svara at times leads the singer/player to overlook its movement and hence time. The performer is engrossed in the qualitative aspect and all quantities are relegated. There are other elements in Dhrupad which do different things to time which need to be demonstrated.
Nymphalidae By Emilie Deltort, dE Design, FRANCE To illustrate the concept of time, I wanted to insist on the volatility of this dimension, its ephemeral nature. Therefore, I choose to present a painted work on a wooden frame (large size, 70x100cm or 60x80cm), depicting an hourglass. This object reflects the passing of time by the transformation of sand grains in butterflies. These small insects stand out from the painting and form a striking swarm flying away. These, paper, butterflies, will be clamped on metal rods themselves inserted in the wooden frame. Each small piece are meant to be made through a laser cutting machine and finally, hand-painted. The background behind the hourglass takes inspiration from Alice in Wonderland, with numbers, clock hands, and time-related marks such as the infinity symbol, in an overall unstructured falling motion. Moreover, three to nine smaller wooden pieces (15x15cm or 20x20cm) will be located around the main work. They show fractals or redundant and structured patterns progressively fading out to introduce another set of butterflies. These small paintings insist once more on the transient nature of time through, metaphorically speaking, the ephemeral aspect of material. To summarize, the full work will use acrylic paint, on wood and paper, and we will use a laser cutting machine (our external resources) to design most pieces.
Little Lovebirds: Watercolors By Natalie Odisho, UNITED STATES
Little Lovebirds is a series of watercolor paintings on hot pressed white paper. Watercolor is an uncontrollable medium that playfully reacts with time. Paints dry at different speeds depending upon the amount of water that is present at any given time. This creates a one-of-a-kind illusion of life. Little Lovebirds is a whimsical series by Natalie Odisho that looks at the life-cycle of a parent-child relationship of two lovebirds. Lovebirds were chosen as they anthropomorphize the human characteristic of innocence and a return to nature. The loving bond that the birds share is underscored by their short life-span. We are invited to see a new perspective of ourselves through the Little Lovebirds.
Time Map: Updating our current Space-Time organization global system BySoutherland Robinson, InSpiraLiving project, MEXICO
Before Einstein's work on relativistic physics, Space and Time were seen as absolute and independent dimensions from each other. Therefore, one minute and one meter were considered the same, regardless of the circumstances on Earth or the Universe. Nowadays, the concept of Space-Time denotes the interrelationship of these two dimensions, where the relativity of the subject perception of motion is the basis that makes interpretation and interaction uniques. Calendars are related to Time and Maps to Space. Calendars are the political instrument that links the science with the religion, those are created in an ethnocentric way and Space is implicit in most cases. Similarly to locate in Space (geography of the planet Earth) we use maps which are drawn ethnocentrically where Time is implicit, and their relationship isn’t denoted. Currently, we used calendars and maps that have not been upgraded to locate ourselves on these dimensions. Therefore, I have designed a Time Map that shows the interrelation of the four major cycles of the Earth’s motion on a polar graph. Combining these four cycles the Fibonacci logarithmic spiral appears, which is the form that represents the perfect relation of the Space-Time. The "Time Map" is an instrument that reflects the movement of the Earth from the current astronomical and astrophysical information, based on the knowledge of geometry and mathematics from the ancestors. I designed it as an instrument for social organization, so I take into consideration three main factors; nature, human perception of movement through light and communication between people for the organization. The Time Map will return the cyclical notion of time to our civilization, ending the linearity from the current system, and generating a harmony based on the individual's awareness of his or her movement immersed in a global culture.